让我们着眼于另外一种创造性内容，即书籍——总是受益于作者对主题的探索。Stephen King在著作《On Writing》中便提到了那些梦想成为小说家的人必须将已完成的手稿收进抽屉中，六周不去理会它。然后去重温自己所撰写的故事，寻找连接着整个故事的大主题。而当你明确了最根本的主题后，你就需要去增强与这些主题相关的故事元素。你应该改变隐喻，削减场景，添加其它更能突显故事主题的元素。总之，你应该努力呈现出故事最内在的内容。如此你才能为读者呈现出最让他们满意的阅读体验（尽管他们可能根本就意识不到你所付出的努力）。
Three words – just three little words – that will save your game
By Nicholas Lovell
I have started doing a new exercise with many of my consulting clients. I call it “three little words”.
The idea is to find the three words that encapsulate the “feel” of your game. It’s not quite the same as the hook or the elevator pitch. The three little words are not supposed to be used in your marketing materials, or to attract players. They are a development tool to enable you to make a better, more coherent game.
So if you are working on a game, take a moment to write down on a scrap of paper the three words that encapsulate your game. Do it quickly, without too much thought.
Good. Now lets look at two games and how the 3 little words can make a real difference.
When a game is not a game
The “endless runner” genre is now well established. Games like Jetpack Joyride and Temple Run have had chart success from an easy pick-up-and-play mechanic. Your character moves through the game at a steadily increasing pace and you have to duck, jump, dodge or otherwise avoid hazards until you, inevitably, die.
Take a look at the screen shots below. Temple Run is the Tomb Raider-esque, Indiana Jones-esque endless runner set in a jungle. Jetpack Joyride by contrast, is a side-scrolling endless runner where you blast out of a laboratory and try to escape while wearing a variety of improbably jetpacks. The graphics – and many other aspects of the aesthetic – are quite different.
So what do you think the three little words were?
For me, both games are about adrenaline. The developers wanted the player to be on the edge of their seat. For the brain to engage fight-or-flight mode, scanning the tiny screen for threats in an attempt to stave off inevitable destruction. For the player to search out that elusive “flow”, a trance-like state where a player is one with the game.
They are also about exhilaration. They are fast. They get faster over time. The entire design gives players the illusion of speed, and this is key to both games.
The third one is where they differ. I think that Temple Run is about the feeling of being out of control while Jetpack Joyride is about being in control. In Temple Run, you are being chased by skull-faced monkeys. Your character runs as if he is running for his life. He stumbles across tree roots. The control mechanism is very forgiving – if you swipe or tap at vaguely the right time, you turn or jump. This is important, because the hazards come thick and fast. The scenery is scrappy, organic, falling to pieces. My overwhelming feeling while playing the game is that every second that I survive is a miracle. I am lucky not to be dying every single moment.
Contrast that with Jetpack Joyride. The side-scrolling viewpoint gives you more time to consider hazards than the third-person viewpoint used by Temple Run. The animation is precise, not scrappy. You never trip or stumble. The backgrounds have the clean precision of a laboratory or scientific facility. Even the bits in a jungle put the jungle behind glance. This is a precise, controlled environment for a precise, controlled game, albeit one where your precision is happening at breakneck pace. (As an aside, I wonder this is why AAA game developers, and particularly coders, all seem to prefer Jetpack Joyride.)
Is that what the creators intended?
I doubt that Halfbrick and Imangi sat down to look for these three words. I bet that – as happens with so many endeavours – the creative team came up with things that just felt right together. The organic jungle feel of Temple Run, its animations, art style, messaging, menus, music, everything, integrated into one wonderful whole. Ditto Jetpack.
To take analogy from another creative endeavour, books often benefit from searching out their theme. In his excellent On Writing, Stephen King proposes that would-be novelists put their finished manuscript in a drawer and ignore it for six weeks. They should then revisit the story, looking for the big themes that connect the important parts of the story. When you find the underlying themes, strengthen the elements that use the theme. Change metaphors, cut whole scenes, add others that make the theme (or themes) more relevant throughout the book. In short, work out the story is really about, underneath the tale it purports to tell. The result will be a tighter, more satisfying read, even if most readers will never notice the effort that you have gone to.
How to use “three little words”
That is the idea behind three little words. If Jetpack Joyride is about adrenaline, pace and control, that would suggest one art style, one animation style, one music style. If it was about being “out-of-control”, it might suggest a totally different one.
Note that the words you use need to be precise. It is no good saying that your game is humorous. Is it slapstick? Gross? Dry? Deadpan? Over-the-top? Satirical? Sharply-observed? Witty?
You need to live and breathe the words throughout your game design. You can say your game is “cute” just by drawing cute characters, but if the animations, music, menus or even core mechanics are not cute, you just have a game where the different elements jar, not meld.
And that is what you are looking for. A game where all the disparate elements meld into one perfect little gem of an experience.
What do you need to make that happen?
Just three little words.(source:gamesbrief)