大多数人都认同Steam Early Access是一种好方法。那么在能够进入Early Access之前你该如何开发一款游戏呢？等待游戏发行多久算太久？
我喜欢许多行走模拟游戏，并在我的博客和Twitter上推荐了许多这些游戏，同时我也很喜欢使用行走模拟游戏这一词，因为我觉得它很有趣。那我是否是个无聊的人？我一直在我的PS4上玩休闲游戏，但我仍会拿Filthy Casuals和Console Peasants（游戏邦注：PC玩家对主机玩家的称呼）开玩笑。而这是否是种辱骂或者是无意义的嘲笑？我们该如何找到两者间的界限？
Let’s Plays是否总是能够提高游戏的销量？假设你不希望长期进行游戏的Let’s Plays。你是否能够阻止它们？如果你提供给了对方明确的权限，那么一次大型诉讼要求只有twitch.tv能够传播你的游戏的规定将维持多久？
Gaming Needs To Argue More. Here Are Some Suggestions!
by Jeff Vogel
I just got back from the Game Developer’s Conference, where I met a ton of cool people who write indie games and attended many panels. Everyone I met was perfectly lovely. Indie developers are a bunch of friendly, outgoing, huggy folks, and they could not have been kinder to me. I appreciated it.
Yet, there is one thing I find fascinating (and maybe even slightly worrying): In several days around my peer group, talking and drinking with them, I did not hear one argument.
I’M SPOILING FOR A FIGHT!!!
Indie gaming is changing very fast. Our art is expanding in every way and getting tons more press. Our business is booming, to the point where it is actually significant. (The figure I heard at GDC was that indies are grossing over a billion USD a year, which is a real business by any measure.) Indie devs are artists, and our work is now a Big Deal.
But here’s the thing. Artists are a proud, passionate, opinionated lot. Look anywhere in the history of art, and you will find passionate (even furious) debate. People used to riot at concerts and the theatre, for God’s sake.
Indies have a lot of things to argue about. Our art form is very, very new, and there are countless unanswered questions. Hell, there are more questions than answers at this point. Nobody seems to know anything about anything. We should be figuring some stuff out. We should be having debates. Noisy, vigorous debates.
Therefore, I am going to, in my humble and retiring style, suggest a number of Open Questions In the Field of Indie Development and Marketing. I think they are all issues intelligent people could disagree on and have a heated debate about. If you are hungry for a good topic for a panel or article, help yourself. You’re welcome.
A Selection of Topics For Argument
We know it’s possible for your game to be a hit or to fail. What about in-between? Is it still possible for new indie devs to chip out a sustainable, middle-class career, building a fan base and serving an underserved niche? If so, how?
So how DO you figure out what price will maximize earnings for your game? Does it depend on genre? Production value? How much media attention you get?
Should indie games be cheap? Indie games have long been cheaper than AAA games. This is an advantage. Is it a good idea to give it up?
I have long believed that one of the great advantages of indie gaming is that people like us and think we are cool. Thus, people want to keep us in business. Buying our games makes them feel good. Is this true? Do indie developers have an ethical responsibility to maintain the reputation of our industry? (This is a tough question. If an indie dev wants to do something unpopular, but it will provide the money he or she absolutely needs to stay in business, I’m not sure I could in good conscience tell them not to.)
Have indies let their quality control slip? If an indie is selling a strictly non-functional game, should we be pressuring them to remove it from sale? (I am a long-suffering Mac gamer. So many indie Mac ports are seriously broken or just plain non-functional.)
Are free to play games ethical? If so, are some sales practices for them ethical and some not? If so, how do you tell where to draw the line?
Computer games are a 100 BILLION dollar a year global industry that employs multitudes and entertains countless people. Given that, does our industry deserve a serious, professional media that adheres to reasonable journalistic standards? If so, do we have it?
Have I gotten myself into trouble even asking those questions? Also, am I being unfair? Is it even possible to make money doing rigorous old-fashioned journalism anymore? In any field?
Customers expect new games to eventually go on sale. Is this a bad thing? If so, how should indies act in order to extract more money from customers? If there was a way for us all to collude to keep prices high, should we do it?
Most agree that Steam Early Access is, overall, a good idea. That said, how developed should a game be before it’s allowed into Early Access? How long is too long to wait for a game you bought early (or on Kickstarter) to be actually released?
If you’re making an episodic game, how long is too long to wait to release the final chapter? (Bear in mind that if you take, say, five years, a percentage of your purchasers will be DEAD before the final part is out. As the gaming audience ages, this percentage will only increase.) How many years have to pass before you cross the line from eccentric, unpredictable, lovable creator to something far less respectable?
When playing a competitive game, should trash talking be allowed? How do you tell when trash talking becomes abuse? If all trash talking is bad, should it be removed from every competition, including in real life?
While I love many Walking Simulators and have recommended many of them in my blog and on Twitter, I also like to use the term Walking Simulator because I think it’s funny. Am I a bad person? I play casual games on my PS4 all the time, but I still joke about Filthy Casuals and Console Peasants. Is this abuse or harmless japery? How do we find the line between the two?
Most agree that game refunds are, overall, a good idea. Should we push every platform to offer them? If so, when should a customer be allowed to get a refund?
Most agree that user reviews are, overall, a good idea. However, user reviews enable a few disgruntled cranks to brigade your game’s page and directly attack your sales. This really sucks, but it seems impossible to prevent it. Can it be prevented? If so, how do you do this without enabling developers to simply remove bad reviews they don’t like?
The most common story I’ve heard from indies lately is: “We did a ton of PR work. We got a lot of positive attention. Our game still didn’t sell well.” Does this actually happen or is it just my imagination? Is the universal advice of, “Indies need to do tons of PR or die,” actually correct? What sorts of games is it true for?
I have read many articles saying that developers should have high self-esteem and confidence and avoid Imposter Syndrome. Yet, my self-hatred is what drives me to improve, and my terror is what drives me to work hard. Is there really one optimal developer emotional state?
I was hugely disappointed when Steam’s program for paid mods and add-ons failed. I think this is a good potential route for indies to make a name and a living. Is a working for-pay mod system possible? If so, how would you make it?
One of the best ways to make a living as an indie is to find a much loved but underserved genre and start to serve it. Are there any underserved genres left?
Do Let’s Plays of your game always increase sales? Suppose you don’t want long Let’s Plays of your games. Do you have the right to prevent them? Is a long duration Let’s Play a copyright violation? How long until a big lawsuit forces twitch.tv to only allow streaming of your game if you give them explicit permission?
Are schools that teach game design and programming a good deal? How useful are the degrees they offer if the recipient leaves the industry? Is anyone doing long-term studies of this issue? When a young dev asks me whether he or she should blow $80K of after tax money to study game design, what the hell should I say?
Finally, video games are a TOUGH business. Many indies go into it with the strategy of, “Newer give up. Never surrender.” But not all of them can make a living. Isn’t there a point where you SHOULD give up and/or surrender? How do you tell when you’ve reached it?
“Great. More arguments on the Internet.”
I can picture you now, sighing and shaking your head. “The last thing we need is more discord, more shouting,” you may well be thinking. It seems like the whole Internet is good for nothing but shouting. There is a small number of assholes out there now, doing enormous damage. I don’t deny it. To deny it would be willful blindness.
Yet, we can’t let those assholes keep us from doing the work we need to do and figuring out the things we need to figure out. We should provide the assholes a good example by showing them that respectful criticism and debate still exists.
I really enjoyed GDC, but the talks there left me with more questions than answers. Tough questions, that could use some real debate. When I wrote about the Indie Bubble, a lot of indie devs called me out on this point or that, and it was awesome.
Indies are decent people, and we like each other. This means that we can afford to have a few arguments. It is possible to debate someone, even passionately, even with shouting, and still love them and go out for drinks with them at the end of the day. I do it with my family and friends all the time.
When I was young, I loved a good argument. I don’t really enjoy debates anymore. I’m a lot more chill in general now.
But I will still argue, not because I enjoy it but because it is my duty. Frequent, vigorous, respectful debate is good for a community, an industry, and an art form. Debate is the Darwinian crucible in which bad ideas are burned away and good ideas emerge, purified in fire.
(The key is to make sure that only bad ideas get burned away, not people.)
I’m going to try to defeat my cowardice and start blogging again and chipping away at this pile of open questions. I hope, when I’m dumb, people point it out. If you think I wrote something wrong and can provide actual reasons to prove your case without resorting to cheap ad hominem attacks, I hope you’ll take your shot at me.
Then, if you manage to score a point on me and we meet at a convention someday, I will happily buy you a drink. Something reasonable. Jack Daniels quality. None of this top shelf crap. I’m not made of money.(source:gamasutra)