原文作者：Max Pears 译者：Megan Shieh
实例分析一：《The Last of Us》
剧情：《The Last of Us》是一款线性剧情游戏，该作中的所有剧情都是围绕着‘资源稀缺’这一主题而构建的，着重描写了两位主人公的故事而不是玩家自己的故事。
实例分析二：《Zelda: Breath of the Wild》
探索：《Zelda: Breath of the Wild》鼓励玩家去探索，玩家可以去到游戏世界中的每个角落（游戏邦注：完成新手教学后）。与育碧的开放世界游戏不同，本作对玩家隐藏了部分特定的信息，在屏幕上显示了多个支线任务，意思是玩家必须自己去探索并找到这些隐藏信息。
以上就是《The Last Of Us》和《Zelda: Breath of the Wild》的核心体验。设计支柱可以让开发者们集中精力去推动游戏中最精彩的部分，然后围绕这些部分来优化游戏中的其他特性。它是一款非常强大的工具，可以帮助你和你的团队保持游戏的连贯性，同时也可以引导团队成员作出更为明智的设计决策。
During the early stages of design, you will be working on creating/answering the question of
“What is the game?”
There are many ways to answer this but the one method I want us to focus on today in this post is the games ‘Pillars’.
Some of you may be wondering what I mean by this or may not be familiar with this term. What I mean by this term is think about the 3 – 5 main elements/emotions your game is trying to explore and make the players feel?
So why is it important to figure this out? Why do I need to limit my game to these amount of categories?
“Max, my game is going to tackle and do so many amazing things” Replied the reader.
Well sir or madam, as always I appreciate the question. The reason behind this is to keep your game coherent. If you are trying to do everything in one game then players may be getting lost or you will not be able to deliver all these elements/emotions to a high standard when you have 100s.
Another reason why is it helps all your teammates understand the overall picture of your game. Most people do not realize that even while in the production stage of the game not all the answers are there. We all wish they were trust me, it would make game dev a lot smoother. Yet giving your team these key elements to work with during the production process it allows them to make informed design decisions. Giving your teammates guidelines will make your team’s life easier and overall a happier team!
As with these pillars, they can start to ask themselves, does this mechanic/idea serve or fit into the pillars of our game? If the answer is ‘No’ then it may be best to remove this mechanic. (Now I am not saying every mechanic must serve these pillars, you can use “off topic” mechanics to create different emotions and make the player feel a way uncomfortable. Yet these ideas will come later on during development) The team can focus on the core elements of the game, before working on subverting the experience.
So now that you have an understanding of a Game Pillar let’s take a look at a few examples of games and break them down into their core pillars.
The Last of us is one of Naughty dog’s many master pieces. If you have not played it yet (then seriously why?) go and check it out.
A lot goes into making Last of Us a truly an amazing game, that so many of us enjoyed. So let’s take a look at the core pillars of this game:
Crafting: Ammo is scarce, so to distract or cause a higher amount of damage to one’s foes it is better to use items populating the world. This works in unison with the environmental story telling of how this is not many resources left in this world
Story: Last of Us is a linear game which is heavily narrative lead, they want everything to tie in with the story as mentioned with crafting. The game focuses on the story of the two main characters rather than the player’s own story.
AI partners: The game is all about building a relationship between the player’s character with the AI partner Ellie and other partners you meet throughout your journey
Stealth: Combat is used in this game, but if you were to run and gun, then the game would make your life extremely difficult. So player are encouraged to play more stealthily
As you can see (if you have played the game) that most of the game fits with these core principles. Puzzles, requiring AI help, there are stealth section in the missions, the story is king and even in multiplayer crafting is important to the players.
That is only one game, so let us break down another.
Hhhmm I have recently picked up a Switch
Which means I want to break down Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild.
I am only just passed the tutorial but have seen a lot of videos breaking this down, (If you feel I have missed anything please Tweet me with your thoughts)
Exploration: Player are encouraged to explore, by being able to go to any area they wish whenever they wish (Once they have finished the tutorial) the designers have hidden certain information from the player compared to Ubisoft open world games, where they litter the player’s HUD with side missions. Meaning players have to look for these.
Traversal: BoW offers so many modes of transport, each being as fun as one another. From, climbing, swimming, running, paragliding to the amazing shield surfing. Moving through this world is made into a fantastic experience through the diversity and (sorry for lack of a better word) fun of the movement in the world.
Scavenging: Players are constantly needing to go through the world and search for items. From weapons which break after a few battles, to the food players must use to regain health or help them traverse through all kind of environmental hazards.
Options: This game is praised all around for a number of options that are given to the player. From multiple ways to solve puzzles to the combat scenarios or how the player makes their way around the world. Anything the player can think of in terms of trying, the most likely will be able to do it. Compared to most games, there is no one way to solve the issues, which is laid in front of the player.
Combat: I see this as one of the lesser pillars for this game personally. Now you have loads of combat in this game and a number of enemy types but again my personal opinion is that the combat is not the most amazing combat system out there. Still, it is a pillar as this is how you interact with most creatures in the world
Those are two games broken down into their core pillars, I am hoping that you can see how using just a few pillars it has allowed the creators to focus and push the best part of their game, working around these to enhance everything. This is a great tool to bring more coherence to your game as well as a good guideline to help your teammates when working on a game of your own.
I would like to ask you to take a few mins and think about one or two of your favorite games and break them down into their key pillars. See if you learn from this, how the game actually bases a lot of its challenges around these pillars.（Source: gamasutra.com ）